Are Nigerian Youths Unemployed? These Are The Stats

October 25, 2020

Citizen is a column that explains how the government’s policies fucks citizens and how we can unfuck ourselves.

National Assembly blocking electronic transmission of election results

Nigeria’s youth unemployment is growing. But on October 22nd, 2020, in his highly anticipated broadcast to the nation, the president mentioned that his administration had put in place a lot of programs to help Nigerian youths, including Tradermoni, Farmermoni, Npower and so many other social investment programs.

We decided to look at the unemployment data to see how Nigerian youths are really faring.

What is unemployment?

According to the International Labour Organisation, an unemployed person refers to someone above 15 years who is available for work, is actively looking for work and meets three conditions:

  1. is without unemployment and has not worked for at least one hour during the survey period;
  2. is available to take up employment within two weeks;
  3. actively looked for a job within the past month or will take up a job starting within the next three months.

Now, according to the Nigerian Bureau of Statistics in its unemployment report released in August this year:

  • The number of people in the economically active or working-age population of 15-64 years was 116, 871,186 people, 1.2% higher than the figure recorded as at September 2018, which was 115,492,969.
  • However, the number of people in the labour force between the ages 15-64 who are willing and able to work was 80,291,894. Of this number, those within the age bracket of 25-34 are highest, making up 23,308, 460 of the labour force or 29.1% of the labour force.
  • The total number of people in employment (people with jobs) during the survey period was 58, 527, 276. Of this number, 35,585, 274 were full-time employed (i.e worked 40+ hours per week, while 22,942,003 were under-employed (i.e working between 20-29 hours per week). 15.8% of the employed were under-employed.
  • The unemployment rate as at June 2020 was 27.1% up from the 23.1% recorded as at September 2018. Underemployment rate also increased from 20.1% as at September 2018 to 28.6% as at June 2020.
  • As at June 2020, the unemployment rate among young people was 34.9% up from 29.7%, while underemployment for the same age group rose to 28.2% from 25.7% as at September 2018. 
  • The unemployment rate among rural dwellers was 28% up from 23.9% as at September 2018, while urban dwellers reported a rate of 25.4% up from 21.2%. Under-employment among rural dwellers also rose to 31.5% from 22.8%, while the rate among urban dwellers rose to 23.2% from 13.7% as at September 2018.

5 Important Things

  1. Around 80 million Nigerians are willing and able to work.
  2. 58 million of these 80 million are employed (fully employed and under-employed).
  3. 23 million people within this 58 million workforce are between the ages of 25-34 years.
  4. 22 million Nigerians are unemployed.
  5. 13.9 million Nigerian youths are unemployed.

We hope you’ve learned a thing or two about how to unfuck yourself when the Nigerian government moves mad. Check back every weekday for more Zikoko Citizen explainers.

Doyin Olagunju

Join The Conversation

Bring a friend.

You'll like this

Watch

Now on Zikoko

July 27, 2021

Not everyone gets to be the rich Nigerian aunty, some of us have to be the broke aunty to bring the balance. If you are reading this, you are probably in doubt of what type of aunty you are. There’s a high chance you are a broke Nigerian aunt, and here are some signs to […]

July 27, 2021

With Nigerian Aunties, it is one of two things. Either they make life soft or a living hell for you. There’s the one that is basically your elder sister and the one that is always in your business 24/7. Here are 8 types of Nigerian aunties. 1.The rich Nigerian aunty This type of Nigerian aunty is […]

two women with curly hair
July 27, 2021

If you found out your younger sex was having sex, how would you react? We spoke to three Nigerian women about how they found out that their younger sisters were sexually active and how they reacted. Here’s what they had to say:  IB, 24 One day, we were gisting and she said,  “You know I’m […]

July 27, 2021

Smartphone brand, TECNO, has just received the 2021 Beacon of Information and Communications Technology (BoICT) Award for “Mobile Phone Brand of the Year”. This will make it the second time the brand will be getting this recognition after it did in 2020. This achievement reaffirms TECNO’s innovative capabilities as a leader in the mobile phone […]

Recommended Quizzes

What are you like in a relationship?
February 7, 2020

Your taste in music can say a lot about you, and this time, it’s going to reveal what you are like in a relationship. So, pick a few of your favourite Nigerian love songs, and we’ll let you know if you’re typically a distant, passionate or unbothered partner. Here you go:

November 27, 2019

Do you have a face that could make angels jealous, or should you really be walking around with a nylon bag over your head so you don’t scare children? Well, this quiz is here to answer that by telling you exactly how good-looking you are. Take and find out: 11 Quizzes For People Who Aren’t […]

November 11, 2019

Today, we are going to be using your taste in music to determine how good you actually are in bed. All you need to do is create the ultimate Nigerian hit — from the lead artist to the producer — and we’ll tell you if all your partners leave satisfied, or if you are just […]

June 14, 2020

Have you ever been with someone so horrible that you swore to never date again? Yes? Well, do you know that one or more of your exes probably feels the same way about you? You never thought about that, huh? Thankfully, this quiz is here to let you know just how much of a hassle […]

More from Citizen

July 25, 2021

From time to time, I see tweets about how living abroad as a Nigerian is tough because it gets lonely. In the past, whenever I saw those tweets, I thought, “I’d rather be lonely abroad than suffering in Nigeria.” But then I spoke with these five people on Abroad Life and their stories made me […]

July 23, 2021

On Saturday, July 24, 2021, the Lagos State Independent Electoral Commission (LASIEC) will conduct an election to elect the next chairman and councillors in the 20 local government areas and the 37 local council development areas in the state.  Why should you care about this? Provisions in the 1999 constitution and the Electoral Act of […]

July 23, 2021

You probably haven’t heard about the country on today’s Abroad Life. It’s Curaçao— a small island in the Caribbean. Today’s subject moved there in 2019, and talks about the country, its people, and why she thinks it’s very similar to Nigeria. When did you decide that you wanted to leave Nigeria? This isn’t the first […]

July 2, 2021

From intriguing stories about fraudsters in Malaysia to heartbreaking stories about child slavery, I’ve shared some brilliant stories worth documenting about Nigerians and their unique experiences abroad. Because we’ve just passed the half year mark, I’m deciding to share the most-read Abroad Life stories from this year. Enjoy. 1. “I Went From Earning ₦20,000 to […]

July 2, 2021

Today’s subject on Abroad Life is a 24-year-old woman who moved to the UK last year after getting ghosted by someone she just met. She talks about quitting her frustrating job in Nigeria, meeting a guy and leaving the country because he suddenly stopped talking to her.  When did you decide that you wanted to […]

June 28, 2021

How to register for PVC online- The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) has launched the process for eligible Nigerian voters to register to vote in the 2023 general elections by opening an online portal for registration for Permanent Voters Card. Who needs this article? Nigerians above 18 who are eligible to vote, and have not […]

Watch

Trending Videos

Zikoko Originals

December 14, 2020
What happens when a group of chatty young Nigerians talk about things they're passionate about? You get Nigerians talk. A show that discusses very familiar struggles for the average Nigerian. From relationship deal breakers to sex education with Nigerian parents to leaving Nigeria, be prepared for a ride.
November 2, 2020
'The Couch' is a Zikoko series featuring real life stories from anonymous people.
October 26, 2020
A collection of videos documenting some of the events of the EndSARS protests.
June 22, 2020
'The Couch' is a Zikoko series featuring real life stories from anonymous people.
June 22, 2020
Hacked is an interesting new series by Zikoko made up of fictional but hilarious chat conversations.
June 4, 2020
What happens when a group of chatty young Nigerians talk about things they're passionate about? You get Nigerians talk. A show that discusses very familiar struggles for the average Nigerian. From relationship deal breakers to sex education with Nigerian parents to leaving Nigeria, be prepared for a ride.
June 2, 2020
Quickie is a video series where everyone featured gets only one minute to rant, review or do absolutely anything.
May 14, 2020
Isolation Diary is a Zikoko series that showcases what isolation is like for one young Nigerian working from home due to the Coronavirus pandemic.
March 12, 2020
Life is already hard. Deciding where to eat and get the best lifestyle experiences, isn't something you should stress about. Let VRSUS do that for you.

Z! Stacks

Here's a rabbit hole of stories to lose yourself in:

Zikoko amplifies African youth culture by curating and creating smart and joyful content for young Africans and the world.
X